The first two set of guidelines, ‚ÄúGeneral guidelines for sustainable forest management‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúGeneral guidelines for conservation of biological diversity of forests in Europe‚ÄĚ were developed in Helsinki in 1993 (Resolution H1 and H2 respectively). They were elaborated as general political guiding principles to be implemented in an integrated manner to be reflected in national guidelines and local technical solutions.
The ‚ÄúPan-European Operational Guidelines for Sustainable Forest Management‚ÄĚ endorsed at Lisbon Ministerial Conference in 1998 were further elaborated to translating international commitments to the level of forest management practices and planning. They are directly based on Resolutions H1 and H2, and follow the structure of the six pan-European criteria that were identified as the core elements of sustainable forest management. They are divided into/addressing ‚ÄėForest Management Planning‚Äô and ‚ÄėForest Management Practices‚Äô, focusing on basic ecological, economical and social requirements for sustainable forest management within each criterion.
These operational guidelines comprise a common framework of recommendations to be applied at the field level that can complement national and/or regional instruments for SFM. Their implementation improves communication, stakeholders‚Äô participation, awareness raising and good practices at the practical level, contributing to sustainable forest management.
FOREST EUROPE has also developed, in cooperation with the Environment for Europe/Pan European Biological and Lanscape Diversity Strategy, the ‚ÄúPan-European Guidelines for Afforestation and Reforestation‚ÄĚ with a special focus on the provisions of the UNFCCC. The Guidelines, agreed in 2008, recognize the role of sustainable forest management in climate change mitigations. They form a set of recommendations for voluntary use by national authorities and other bodies and stakeholders relevant to implement economically viable, environmentally sound and socially equitable afforestation and reforestation programmes and projects.