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Legally Binding Agreement

At the FOREST EUROPE Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, which took place in June 2011 in Oslo, Norway, the Ministers responsible for forests in Europe made an historical decision: they signed a mandate for negotiating a Legally Binding Agreement on Forests in Europe.


Forests play an active role in the sustainable development and well-being of European society. Sustainably managed forests provide multiple benefits to society in the form of ecosystem services. They have the potential to contribute substantially to a green economy, generating jobs and income, in particular in rural areas, and can make a huge, active contribution to the mitigation of climate change. These forests, however, face various challenges such as global warming and extreme weather events. The global economic crisis adds to these challenges, affecting forest industries and reducing investments in forest management.


These complex challenges cannot be addressed through measures in the forestry field alone. To overcome these challenges and reinforce the implementation of sustainable forest management in Europe, it is necessary to strengthen the policy framework on forests in the pan-European region.


For these reasons, the Ministers responsible for forests in Europe decided to establish an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee with the mandate to develop a holistic legally binding framework agreement on forests in Europe not later than 30 June 2013. The results will be presented to an extraordinary FOREST EUROPE ministerial conference to be organized within six months after the conclusion of the negotiations, for its consideration and possible adoption and opening for signature.


This historical decision started to shape up at the Fifth Ministerial Conference on The Protection on Forest in Europe (November 2007) in Warsaw, Poland, where a proposal was launched for exploring the possibility of a legally binding agreement on forest. Two working groups were set out. The first, which worked from November 2008 until October 2009, explored the potential added of value and options for the agreement. The second (January to December 2010) prepared several options for a decision on a possible legally binding on Forests in Europe and produced a Non-Paper for such an agreement.


The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee started its work on the 27th of February 2012. For all the related information regarding the negotiating process, please visit

Related Information

Historical Documents